Monday, May 25, 2020

The Classical School Of Criminology - 996 Words

For centuries scientists and researchers have been trying to figure out what makes people commit crimes and what they can do to deter them from committing future crimes. In the 1800’s and the early 1900’s crimes and the severity of crimes increased. Punishment in this day and time was considered to be cruel and excessive; to make you feel pain for the crime you committed was the ultimate point (Freilich, 2015). If you committed a crime you could be beaten, hanged, tortured or if you stole something, you could have a limb taken off. These types of punishment proved to be too harsh. Therefore, in order to get a better understanding of crime and why people are inclined to commit them, and how to deter them from committing more, the Classical School of Criminology was established. The Classical School of Criminology was founded by Cesare de Baccaria and Jeremy Bentham. The Classical School of Criminology has played a very important role in implementing changes to the crimi nal punishment system. One of the most significant features of the Classical School of Criminology is its stress on the person as a human being who is competent enough to calculate whether or not they will commit a crime (Lilly, 2011). The Classical School of Criminology is based on the theory that people make the choice of whether or not they will commit a crime (Classical, 2010). Beccaria and his fellow philosophers formed what is known today as Classical Criminology. Classical Criminology is defined in ourShow MoreRelatedThe Classical School Of Criminology935 Words   |  4 Pagesprinciples of the Classical School of Criminology? The major principles in the Classical School of Criminology are that humans are rational and that our behavior comes from free will, and our human behavior is derived from pain and pleasure. To deter criminal’s punishment is necessary, which may set an example for others. As well as crime prevention should be implemented with quick regulated puni shment for violations of the law. What were some forerunners of classical thought in criminology? Some forerunnersRead MoreClassical School Of Criminology2140 Words   |  9 PagesSome of the most important and influential thinkers of the Classical School of criminology, begin with John Locke. John Locke was among the most famous philosophers and political theorists of the 17th century. He is often regarded as the founder of a school of thought known as , and he made foundational contributions to modern theories of limited, liberal government. He was also influential in the areas of theology and religious toleration. According to Schmalleger (2012), Locke stressed the dutiesRead MoreThe Classical School Of Criminology1216 Words   |  5 Pagesfamous schools of that are Classical Theory and Biological/Positivist Theory. These theories contain insights to why people commit crimes and the most effective way to deal with these individuals and eventually reduce the crime rate. This paper will discuss how these schoo ls of thought compare to each other, the Christian Worldview and to United States current criminal justice system. The first step to compare these theories is to better understand them. The Classical School of Criminology â€Å"refersRead MoreThe Classical School Of Criminology1485 Words   |  6 Pages1. Answer the following with respect to classical school of criminology: A. Discuss the historical context of the origins (emergence) of this perspective.   When did it arise?   Was it a response to any previous perspectives? The classical school of criminology is foundationally based upon the history of crime and punishment. Throughout history, crime was dealt with in an extremely harsh and inhumane manner. Criminals and suspected criminals were quartered, burnt at the stake, tortured, and subjectedRead MoreThe Classical School Of Criminology1174 Words   |  5 PagesDuring the Enlightenment period, Cesare Beccaria developed the Classical School of Criminology with help from philosopher Jeremy Bentham. With the similar philosophies of Beccaria and Bentham, the classical theory of criminology was then developed, creating a strict and proportional criminal justice system. Deriving from the Rational Choice Theory, the classical theory of criminology states that rational behavior can be controlled in order to deter criminal activity. This idea comes from the thoughtRead MoreThe Classical School Of Criminology1327 Words   |  6 Pagesfamous schools of thought are Classical Theory and Biological/Positivist Theory. These theories contain insights into why people commit crimes and the most effective way to deal with these individuals and eventually reduce the crime rate. This paper will discuss how these schools of thought compare to each other, the Christian Worldview and to United States current criminal justice system. The first step to compare these theories is to develop an understanding of them. The Classical School of CriminologyRead MoreThe Classical School Of Criminology776 Words   |  4 PagesCh3 q1. The major principles in the classical school of criminology include as a being, one makes fundamentally sane decisions, and those decisions come from liberated will that is accompanied with coherent choosing. Another standard is painfulness and happiness, which are used as determining factors of human conduct. As a deterrent, violations of the law set the standard for the rest of society to abide by. Ones principles of acceptance and non-acceptance are inherent in our lives, in which it cannotRead MoreClassical And Positive Schools Of Criminology875 Words   |  4 PagesThere are several theories of crime that originated from both classical and positive schools of criminology. The various crimes that occur within society have shifted the manner of how Americans live their lives. According t o Lilly (1989) the various changes within American society has become a dominant feature of American life and a persuasive warning that the social fabrics of urban slums brew crime. Robert E Park, a newspaper reporter of the 1930’s according to Lilly et al (1989) concluded thatRead MoreClassical and Positive School of Criminology Essay1020 Words   |  5 PagesThe Classical School of Criminology and the Positive School of Criminology are two of the main theories that try and explain the behavior of delinquents. The Classical School of Criminology was developed in the late 1700s by Cesare Beccaria. Classical theorists were trying to decrease punishment and obtain equal justice for all. According to Beccaria and Jeremy Bantham, and English philospther, human nature is characterized by three central features: 1) People are not bound by original sinRead MoreThe Pros And Cons Of The Classical School Of Criminology791 Words   |  4 PagesThe Classical school of criminology can be known as the free will to act at one’s own discretion, where an individual chooses to break the law upon a desirable choice. The Classical emphasizes how the system was organized, punishments for crime, and how authorities should react to crime. On the other hand, positivist school was created to see what influences an individual to break the laws, based on human beings’ behavior. Positivist school is simply trying to analyze who, what, and how crime is

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Characteristics Of Interpersonal Communication - 746 Words

Chapter one of Looking Out, Looking In discusses interpersonal communication and impersonal communication, chapter one also discusses characteristics of a competent communicator. Interpersonal communication is a process where people exchange information using verbal and nonverbal messages and feelings, it is also described as face to face communication. People create meaning and relationships through the exchange of messages often the messages are affected by external, physiological, and psychological noise. Interpersonal communication is dependent on the number of people involved it is usually just two people. Two interacting people are called a dyad Interpersonal communication has many qualities, I am going to list three, one is†¦show more content†¦Impersonal communication is focuses on the quality of the communication rather than the quantity of it It usually includes group,public, or mass communication. Impersonal communication is used when working and in busi ness and in professional jobs. Emotions aren’t used in this type of communication. A good example of impersonal communication is the communication between a sales representative and a potential customer. The book discusses that competent communication involves achieving one’s goals in a manner that maintains or enhances the relationship. Characteristics of competent communicators that I know of personally are first instead of talking and bringing back up a situation that happened that could possibly cause conflict or discomfort for the other person instead just keeping quiet and not saying anything or bringing it back up, stepping back and figuring all the risks of bringing the subject up taking a look at the risks and benefits. I personally do this when it comes to communicating with family or friends those that are close to me, I am sensitive to what they would feel about what Im saying and the outcomes of what im saying, for example I dont tend to bring upShow M oreRelatedCharacteristics Of Interpersonal Communication810 Words   |  4 Pagesdistinctive characteristic of interpersonal communication. In the movie You’ve Got Mail, it tells a story of two bookstore owners who were enemies. But when they anonymously met online, they fell in love with each other. The movie You’ve Got Mail portrays interpersonal relationship. Interpersonal relationships are between two or more people. Through out the paper, there are five different interpersonal relationships, for example, identity, emotions, nonverbal communication, listening and communication. TheRead MorePersonality And Interpersonal Communication : Chapter 5 Summary887 Words   |  4 Pages Personality and Interpersonal Communication – Chapter 5 Summary Lula W. Wallace Liberty University â€Æ' Personality and Interpersonal Communication I. The way humans communicate is influenced by heritage and biological make-up. A. There have been several studies on genetics to make claims about human personality. B. It is believed that people are susceptible to certain behaviors II. The importance of what makes people different has been questioned by many scholars A. Researchers continue to argueRead MoreThe Role Of NVC In Interpersonal Communication Essay1240 Words   |  5 PagesThe Role Of NVC In Interpersonal Communication During interpersonal communication only 30% is communicated verbally. The remaining 70% is messages sent, sometimes unconsciously, as non-verbal communication. NVC is seen to transmit emotional information that our ordinary speech does not. It can be divided into nine main areas and these can be divided into many sub divisions. It is worth remembering that all the areas interact with each other and they co-exist alongsideRead MoreTherapeutic Relationship in Nursing1433 Words   |  6 Pagesinteraction to be meaningful and have a positive impact on the health outcomes of the patient, the nurse needs to build interpersonal connections with the patient to form a therapeutic relationship. The nurse also needs to be aware of the patient’s culture and practice in a culturally safe way when establishing this relationship. In this essay the main characteristics of both interpersonal connectedness and the therapeutic relationship will be described using relevant literature. It will then go on toRead More The Breakfast Club Essay1077 Words   |  5 Pagesexamples of the principles of interpersonal communication. Five high school students: Allison, a weirdo, Brian, a nerd, John, a criminal, Claire, a prom queen, and Andrew, a jock, are forced to spend the day in Saturday detention. By the end of the day, they find that they have more in common than they ever realized. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;I will begin by selecting a scene from the movie and using it to explain what interpersonal communication is. The interpersonal transaction I chose to isolateRead MoreInterpersonal Communication : The Heart And Soul Of Communication1366 Words   |  6 PagesInterpersonal communication is the heart and soul of communication. Interpersonal communication affects how individuals communicate with their parents, significant others, and immediate others, before expanding to other areas of life. Through communication, scholars have been able to predict an array of different reactions through calculated uses of surveys and questionnaires. The Expectancy Violations Theory (EVT) model defines violation expectedness â€Å"as the extent to which behavior varies fromRead MoreTherapeutic Relationship in Nursing1440 Words   |  6 Pagesinteraction to be meaningful and have a positive impact on the health outcomes of the patient, the nurse needs to build interpersonal con nections with the patient to form a therapeutic relationship. The nurse also needs to be aware of the patient’s culture and practice in a culturally safe way when establishing this relationship. In this essay the main characteristics of both interpersonal connectedness and the therapeutic relationship will be described using relevant literature. It will then go on toRead MoreTaking a Look at Interpersonal Communication1139 Words   |  5 Pagesnon-verbal communication among different cultures, ethnic groups and societies. We all practice communication some how, but I feel privileged of learning more details about the concepts of interpersonal communications after finishing the course. Each chapter of the book offers a very interesting, and educational instruction about social problems in relation to communication. I enjoyed reading about the roots of the different types of human behaviors. I consider the study of interpersonal communicationRead MoreExpectancy Violation Theor y And Its Significance1650 Words   |  7 Pages Introduction The research reviews expectancy violation theory and its significance in understanding interpersonal communication. The theory highlights the unexpected behavior of human being while interacting (Dainton, 2011). This theory is based on the reduction uncertainty where ambiguity on behaviors of others is reduced through interaction. Expectancy violations theory offers some prospect to compare the personality of traditional empiricism with humanism. The theory wasRead MoreInterpersonal Relationships And Its Effects On The Family And Community822 Words   |  4 Pagesneed for interpersonal relationships including intimate, business, and family relationships, and friendship. The topic of interpersonal relationships has been an area of concern for many disciplines such as sociology, anthropology, and psychology. Academicians aim to discover the combination of factors that sustain or hinder interpersonal relations and why people need them. In this quest, many theories, concepts, and axioms have been proposed to explain the complex notion of interpersonal relationships

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Essay on Should Marijuana Be Made Legal - 1208 Words

Should Marijuana Be Made Legal? In 1620, the Pilgrims landed on Plymouth Rock bringing with them thousands of gallons of beer and other types of liquor. This was believed to be enough for them to sell or trade with the natives in return for products like a body soother. The Native Americans introduced the Pilgrims to tobacco and other forms of drugs such as Marijuana. By the 1900s, the country noticed marijuana, a psychoactive drug, was dangerous and needed to be controlled. Later, between the 1960s and 1970s, the United States found itself in another period of drug intolerance. From then on the government started to crack down and began to embrace drug enforcement. The government spends an average of 2.3 billion dollars each†¦show more content†¦If it were legal, there would be no more adventure or fun in breaking the law to try to get some, which some people like more than actually doing the drug. The one person that said the government should not legalize it also had a few good points. She said that if it were legalized, there would be a lot more cases of cancer each year. There will also be some people that if they do legalize it, they will use it excessively. Those people may use all their money to buy marijuana and become burn-outs. She also said that the government would not legalize it because they tend to make more money off of it illegally. When the police make the drug busts most of the money goes to the government anyway. The governments point of view, according to the recent Gallup Poll, almost one-half of Americans report that either they, someone in their family, or a close friend has used illegal drugs. Twenty-eight percent of the one half characterized the drug use as moderate, while twenty-nine percent described it as a serious addiction. More than half of those who reported knowing someone with a moderate or serious drug problem were living in a household with incomes of $35,000 or more and almost all were white. The drugs are not a problem to just the inner city kids, it effects the poor, rich, suburban, and mostShow MoreRelatedEssay Astonishing Statistics of Marijuana Use in Minors1539 Words   |  7 Pagesmillion Americans ages 12 and over have reported to using marijuana at least once within the previous year. That number alone is an astonishing statistic on marijuana users. Although marijuana has been a drug with increasing popularity especially throughout the past couple of years due to the legalization in some states. In November of 2012 history was made when Washington and Colorado both legalized marijuana for recreational use. Although marijuana is considered to be a Schedule 1 drug, which means itRead MoreWhy We Should Legalize Weed Essay1088 Words   |  5 PagesWeed How many times have you heard or read about legalizing marijuana in the last year? I have heard about it numerous times whether on TV, on the radio, on the Internet, or when reading a newspaper. Many people wants marijuana to be legalized and each has his or her own reason. Some of them want marijuana legalized to reduce drug related violence in southern states that border Mexico and in big cities such as Chicago. Others want marijuana legalized to offset the impact of the current rescission byRead MoreLegalizing Marijuana and the Economic Affect1477 Words   |  6 Pagesviolate the equal rights of others† stated by David Boaz on drug use and the constitution(Boaz,). Marijuana along with other illegal drugs are all components which are considered to be victimless crimes and are one of the top investments law enforcements make on fighting. Victimless crimes overall are more potential to hurting the economy and society as a whole by keeping them illegal then if they were legal. The reason for this is due to the fact that there is no unwilling participant and the realRead MoreMarijuana vs. Alcohol in the United States Essay843 Words   |  4 PagesMarijuana vs. Alcohol In The United States Marijuana and alcohol are the two most threatening drugs used in America today. Marijuana is the most illicit drug while alcohol is the most abused. Both were illegal during the prohibition but when the constitution was ratified in 1933 alcohol was made legal while marijuana remained illegal. It does not mean that because alcohol is still legal it’s less dangerous than marijuana. Both drugs lead to serious risks and should be taken with caution if usedRead MoreShould Marijuana Be Legalized?997 Words   |  4 PagesLegalize It: The Benefits of Legalizing Marijuana Should marijuana be legalized? Many Americans have been asked this question or have heard some type of news about the issue. Marijuana is commonly known as cannabis which refers to the dried up hemp plant cannabis sativa, even though marijuana is a plant and has no chemical additives it has been a tropic of controversy for many years but nowadays it is in the spotlight more than ever. For centuries, marijuana has been used by people throughout theRead More The Legalization of Marijuana Essay937 Words   |  4 PagesThe Legalization of Marijuana The legalization of the drug marijuana is a hot topic nowadays. Many people want this substance to be legalized and regularly available like cigarettes. But what some people do not know are the serious health risks involved when using marijuana. There is a lot more to marijuana than just smoking it. Marijuana can have very damaging affects on a person?s brain. It can impair a person?s short-term memory, decision-making and signal detectionRead More Legal Marijuana May Save Lives Essay749 Words   |  3 Pagesfreedom of choice right! Freedom of choice applies to all decisions made by that person! Which includes the choice to smoke marijuana. I believe that the government should have No say in what you choose to do with your body! Marijuana is now illegal but I believe that it should be made Legal! And under No circumstances should the government tell you how to treat your body.They can give you their opinions on how the human body should be treated but I think that the government cannot control your decisionsRead MoreThe Truth About Marijuana Legalization1539 Words   |  7 PagesDecember 12, 2014 The Truth About Marijuana Ever since 1930 marijuana has been an illegal drug in the United States. Somehow even though it is illegal, it is the countries number one cash crop with the most margin for profit. Users of cannabis are not the only supporters of the legalization of marijuana, many people who do not use the drug are supportive due to the fact that they know that the prohibition of it does more harm than good. They also can see that making it legal would be useful in many waysRead MoreEssay on Why Marijuana Should Not be Legalized1595 Words   |  7 PagesLegalization or decriminalization of marijuana is opposed by a vast majority of American’s and people around the world. Leaders in Marijuana prevention, education, treatment, and law enforcement adamantly oppose the substance, as do many political leaders. However, pro-drug advocacy groups, who support the use of illegal drugs, are making headlines. They are influencing decision making thru legislation and having a significant impact on t he national policy debate here in the United States andRead MoreLegalize Marijuana; Annotated Bibliography Essay1381 Words   |  6 PagesLegalization of Marijuana Marijuana is the most commonly used illegal substance in United States and in many other countries; this is a statement that seems to be in each article that is written about the legalization of marijuana. This is a subject that has been up for debate for quite a few years now. There are many people who support the legalization of this drug and are strongly convinced that marijuana is not a drug in which one should be punished for, but rather a drug that should not be frowned

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Leonardo vs Andy Warhols Mona Lisa Essay Example For Students

Leonardo vs Andy Warhols Mona Lisa Essay Explain how each artists style and subject matter links to the themes/ideas being explored In the painting, Mona Lisa, by Leonardo, the theme of the harmony between humanity and nature is established through his depiction of Mona Lisa and the use of his captivating style. Mona Lisa is drawn in a three quarter pose; she is the focal point and the harmony between humanity and the landscape is achieved through the composition of Mona Lisa; she is placed in foreground, set against the Landscape in the background. The connecting assemblages of the curves of her hair, the linear f the luxurious fabric and the placement of her hands are reflected in the swells and rises of the vast, receding and diminishing landscape which also creates a sense of depth. The parallel between humanity and nature has been established in such a gracefully fluid way within the pyramid design that captivates and draws the viewers eye around aesthetics of the painting in a cycle, resembling the unison between the two. The subject matter and style of the Mona Lisa also links to an idea of creating an atmosphere and to evoke responses. For example, the artwork seems to manifest an atmosphere of calmness due to the Saputo technique that makes the painting slightly blurred and softens her features her expression appears blended, almost to the point of being hazy, and in doing so, her beautiful smile and gaze is left open for interpretation. Her dignified figure is relaxed and comfortable, and Lemonades painting technique renders her anatomy unbelievably, luminously natural and, along with her dynamic expression, she appears even more real and thus heightening her motional presence. Whilst one could interpret the artwork to convey a sense of calmness, you could also argue that an pretence of mystery is also presented through the palette of earthy tones and murky hues, the chiaroscuro of Mona Aliass garment contrasted with the lighter sky, and of course her renowned smile and eyes of which you are unable to determine its true sentiment. Her expression could also convey one of intelligence as her gaze can be interpreted as one that is subtly expressing her inner musing, indicating the importance Leonardo placed on intellect and not the just beauty that Mona Lisa evidently possesses. Whilst the artwork, Mona Lisa, by Andy Warhol, contains the original painting of Mona Lisa as its subject matter, the manipulation of the image and Whorls style has rendered the depiction of the original to have a very different effect and meaning. For example, Warhol has repeated the original numerously on the page in a seemingly random manner; the paintings are rotated and overlap one another. The mechanical ringing process is apparent as the paintings have varying levels of registration and color. There is no ground established established resulting in shallow and flattened space, and there is no longer a focus point lacking in order and depth. Lisa gives the effect of degrading her significance through no longer being singular and unique. The primary colors creates a crude and brass effect, and the manipulation of her image through the mechanical process debases the quality of the original work it simply becomes an image with no connection. Overall, the significance and relationship to the original is lost through the absence of the details and style that Leonardo employed which produced the atmosphere Mona Lisa and the landscape powerfully emitted. However, another idea that you could abstract from Whorls style and subject matter is that it is a reflection of the 20th century social and cultural explosion of consumerism, mass media and production. The overuse of Mona Lisa portrays the new ability to mass produce, and her style appears mechanical, relating to consumerism and production of machines. .ue12e2d5b7faae510dc27464f04211ec2 , .ue12e2d5b7faae510dc27464f04211ec2 .postImageUrl , .ue12e2d5b7faae510dc27464f04211ec2 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ue12e2d5b7faae510dc27464f04211ec2 , .ue12e2d5b7faae510dc27464f04211ec2:hover , .ue12e2d5b7faae510dc27464f04211ec2:visited , .ue12e2d5b7faae510dc27464f04211ec2:active { border:0!important; } .ue12e2d5b7faae510dc27464f04211ec2 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ue12e2d5b7faae510dc27464f04211ec2 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ue12e2d5b7faae510dc27464f04211ec2:active , .ue12e2d5b7faae510dc27464f04211ec2:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ue12e2d5b7faae510dc27464f04211ec2 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ue12e2d5b7faae510dc27464f04211ec2 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ue12e2d5b7faae510dc27464f04211ec2 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ue12e2d5b7faae510dc27464f04211ec2 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ue12e2d5b7faae510dc27464f04211ec2:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ue12e2d5b7faae510dc27464f04211ec2 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ue12e2d5b7faae510dc27464f04211ec2 .ue12e2d5b7faae510dc27464f04211ec2-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ue12e2d5b7faae510dc27464f04211ec2:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Leonardo Da Vinci EssayIt could also be a reflection of the medias ability to objectify through mass production Just as how Mona Lisa has lost her sense of self in his work. A further idea is that his work is a reaction against realism; with the invention of photography, you no longer needed to create a replica of reality, instead Warhol created artwork that focused on the concept rather than the aesthetics of realism, and to create work that was a recognizable form of art that also utilizes the one dimensional quality of a canvas. Positive connotations can also be ran, for example, whilst it is argued that Whorls work is not an original, in turn you could perceive that his work is taking a new outlook on Mona Lisa and he is transforming high art into something modern, and in doing so, he diminished the high art exclusivity connotation that was attached to the original and challenges the concept of art that once dominated, and instead, Warhol demonstrates that art is an universal and infinitive concept (hence the repetition of Mona Lisa), that anyone can produce, interpret, understand or relate to.

Friday, April 10, 2020

Debbie Allen Essays - Debbie Allen, George Faison, Debbie

Debbie Allen Debbie Allen Debbie Allen has become one of America's brightest stars. She has spent a lifetime preparing to be famous. She lives her life by the philosophy that ?luck is when opportunity meets preparation.? Actress, singer, dancer, director, producer Allen was born in Houston, Texas, on January 16, 1950, to a Pulitzer Prize-nominee for poetry, Vivian Allen, and a dentist, Andrew Allen. She is the third of four children (one sister and two brothers) in a family that includes Phylicia Rashad--Clare on the ?Cosby Show? and Andrew ?Tex? Allen--a jazz musician. At the age of three, Debbie began her dance training and, by age eight, she had set her goals of a musical theater career. Her mother participated a great deal in her training. Her mother stood behind what she wanted, especially when she was refused by the Houston Foundation for Ballet because of segregation practices. Mrs. Allen contracted a dancer from the Ballet Russe to tutor Debbie. Later, she took Debbie to train with the Ballet Nacional de Mexico in Mexico City. Debbie became very fluent in Spanish and attended performances at the school. At age fourteen, Debbie was finally excepted into the Houston Foundation for Ballet on a full scholarship as the only black student. The Houston Foundation for Ballet was not Debbie's only racial obstacle. She was denied admission to North Carolina School of the Arts in Winston-Salem. The director stated inappropriate body type as the reason, but Debbie knew the truth. This rejection caused her to stop dancing for a year and she began studying Greek classics, speech, and theater arts at Howard University in Washington, D.C. At Howard University, choreographer Mike Malone recruited Debbie for his dance troupe and gave her a part in the Bum Brae Dinner Theater's production of The Music Man. Debbie began performing with students while attending the National Ballet School. She, later, became the head of the dance department at the Duke Ellington School of the Performing Arts. She received her bachelor of fine arts degree cum laude from Howard University in 1971. Although she loved to teach, she wanted more than anything to be on stage. She landed her first Broadway performance in the chorus of the musical adaptation of Ossie Davis' play Purlie Victorious. After six weeks in that show, Debbie left to become a principle dancer in George Faison's modern dance troupe, the Universal Dance Experience. In 1973 she returned to the Broadway stage in Raison, a musical rendition of Loraine Hansbury's A Raison in the Sun. After almost two years of Raison, Debbie began working in television in both commercials and series. Her first commercial, selling disposable diapers, gave her a chance to work with her sister. She then began working with Ben Vereen on his special Stompin' at the Savoy and with Jimmie Walker in the made-for-television movie The Greatest Thing That Almost Happened. Then, in 1977, Debbie starred with Leslie Uggams and Richard Roundtree as Miss Adelaide in the National Company's revival of Guys and Dolls. In 1978 she was selected for the lead in a disco version of Alice in Wonderland. This production was a failure. After this devastation, Debbie returned to television as Alex Haley's wife in Roots: The Next Generation. This year also marked Debbie's film debut in The Fish That Saved Pittsburgh. The hard-working actress and dancer worked in both capacities on the film, behind the camera as choreographer, and in front of it as a cheerleader. In 1980, she came back to Broadway in West Side Story. This play was the perfect chance for Debbie to display her talent. She overwhelmed the critics and Clive Barnes of the New York Post believed this would begin her stardom. Her peers agreed with Barnes' ravings and nominated her for the Antoinette Perry Award and gave her the Drama Desk Award. Also in 1980, Debbie was asked to be the choreographer for the television show Fame. This television show won five Emmy Awards (two to Debbie's choreography) and a Golden Globe Award. In 1981, Debbie returned to film, taking a part in the movie Ragtime as a distraught woman trying to cope with disastrous circumstances. She was also still working with Fame and creating a movie titled Women of

Monday, March 9, 2020

Is Intelligence Inherited Essays

Is Intelligence Inherited Essays Is Intelligence Inherited Essay Is Intelligence Inherited Essay Is Intelligence Inherited? Traveling on from the eugenics-oriented surveies of intelligence of the early 20th century, it is going clear that there are different types of ‘intelligence’ that can be identified. Howard Gardner, the innovator of research on ‘multiple intelligences’ viewed intelligence as a holistic quality that encompassed the ‘capacity to work out jobs or to manner merchandises that are valued in one or more cultural settings’ ( see Gardner and Hatch, 1989 ) and used the undermentioned standards to place marks of intelligence: isolation through encephalon harm, the being of initiates and prodigies, the designation of a nucleus set of operations, a distinguishable developmental history in worlds, evolutionary history and plausibleness, support from experimental psychological science in footings of psychometric findings and the determination of susceptibleness to encoding in a symbol system ( see Gardner, 1993a ) . Harmonizing to Gardner, a construct that cou ld be labelled ‘intelligence’ has to conform to these standards, although Gardner himself ( Gardner, 1993a ) notes that doing appraisals sing the conformation of the construct to these standards is â€Å"more an artistic opinion than a scientific assessment† . Gardner ( 1993a ) identifies several distinguishable types of intelligence, including lingual, logical-mathematical, bodily-kinesthetic, spacial, musical, interpersonal and intrapersonal ( see Gardner, 1993a ) , and argues that each of these intelligences manifests itself in different measures in different persons, with some persons being more linguistically intelligent than others, for illustration, or certain persons holding greater personal intelligences than other persons. It is clear from the Hagiographas of Gardner, nevertheless, that Gardner is of the sentiment that all seven signifiers of his ‘multiple intelligences’ are necessary in order for an person to work optimally ; persons, for illustration, need some capacity for, and basic apprehension of, each of the different intelligences in order for them to be able to move intelligently, towards life, towards state of affairss that present themselves and towards other persons ( see, for illustration, Gardner, 1999 ) . In add-on to the intelligences already suggested by Gardner in his 1993 workFrames of Mind: the theory of multiple intelligences,Gardner ( 1999 ) suggested three other types of intelligence that should be added to his original list of multiple intelligences, viz. naturalist intelligence, experiential intelligence and moral intelligence ; merely one of these, realistic intelligence was, nevertheless, added to his original list of multiple intelligences, and describes the capacity of worlds to â€Å"recognise, categorise and pull upon characteristics of their environment† ( see Gardner, 1999 ) . In add-on to Howard Gardner’s work on multiple intelligences, Daniel Goleman ( 1995 ) has put frontward his theory of emotional intelligence, as an emotional competence theoretical account, which basically describes the capacity of persons to understand their ain emotions and the emotions of the people around them, in footings of developing self consciousness, self direction, and sympathizing with other people’s state of affairss to be able to pull off one’s ain interactions, in footings of developing a sense of societal consciousness and an ability to pull off inter-personal relationships. Salovey and Mayer ( 1990 ) have expanded upon Goleman’s thoughts sing emotional intelligence and understand emotional intelligence as the â€Å"ability to perceive emotion, integrate emotion to ease idea, understand emotions and to modulate emotions to advance personal growth† . Bar-On ( 2006 ) has besides expanded upon Goleman’s thought of emotional intelligence, to include the term ‘emotion quotient’ which posits that emotional intelligence can be learned over clip and, as such, that it is a accomplishment that can be developed and improved through preparation, pattern and therapy ( see Bar-On, 2006 ) . Petrides and Furnham ( 2000 ; 2001 ; 2003 ) , spread outing upon the work of Goleman ( 1995 ) postulate that there are two assortments of emotional intelligence: trait-based and ability-based, with their research suggesting that, so, some signifiers of emotional intelligence should be learnable. There are, nevertheless, many critics of Goleman’s work, with many research workers proposing that Goleman implicitly assumes emotional intelligence is a signifier of intelligence, without holding any empirical cogent evidence of this, nor supplying any suggestions as to how cogent evidence of his theory can be sought ( see, for illustration, Eysenck, 2000 ) . Locke ( 2005 ) suggests that emotional intelligence is non a whole separate signifier of intelligence but that it is, instead, the construct of intelligence applied to emotions and the control/development of one’s emotions, and that, as such, the construct identified by Goleman ( 1995 ) should be referred to as a accomplishment, and non as a peculiar signifier of intelligence. This is, of class, supported by the thoughts of Salovey and Mayer ( 1990 ) , Bar-On ( 2006 ) and Petrides and Furnham ( 2000 ; 2001 ; 2003 ) who suggest that emotional intelligence can be learnt, much like any other accomplishment one might larn through preparation. It is clear, hence, that there are many signifiers of ‘intelligence’ that can be identified and argued to be. Evidence for and against the existent being of these different types of intelligence is non-existent or contrary, nevertheless, and so the issue of the heritability of ‘intelligence’ continues to be controversial. This will be discussed in more item in the following subdivision. Mentions Bar-On, R. , 2006. The Bar-On theoretical account of emotional-social intelligence.Psicothema18, pp.13-25. Eysenck, 2000.Intelligence: a new expression.Transaction Publishers. Gardner, H. , A ; Hatch, T. , 1989. Multiple intelligences go to school: Educational deductions of the theory of multiple intelligences.Educational Research worker,18( 8 ) , 4-9. Gardner, H. , 1993a.Frames of head: the theory of multiple intelligences.Basic Books. Gardner, H. , 1993b.Multiple intelligences: the theory in pattern, a reader.Basic Books. Gardner, H. , Kornhaber, M. and Wake, W.K. , 1995.Intelligence: multiple positions.Wadsworth Publishing. Gardner, H. , 1999.Intelligence Reframed. Multiple intelligences for the twenty-first century, New York: Basic Books. 292 + ten pages. Goleman, D. , 1995.Emotional intelligence.New York: Bantam Books. Locke, E.A. , 2005. Why emotional intelligence is an invalid construct.Journal of Organizational Behavior, 26, pp. 425-431. Petrides, K.V. and Furnham, A. , 2000. On the dimensional construction of emotional intelligence.Personality and Individual Differences29, pp.313-320. Petrides, K.V. and Furnham, A. , 2001. Trait emotional intelligence: Psychometric probe with mention to established trait taxonomies.European Journal of Personality15, pp. 425-448. Petrides, K.V. and Furnham, A. , 2003. Trait emotional intelligence: behavioural proof in two surveies of emotion acknowledgment and responsiveness to mood initiation.European Journal of Personality17, pp. 39–75. Salovey, P. and Mayer, J.D. , 1990. Emotional intelligence.Imagination, knowledge and personality9, pp.185-211. Theories sing the heritage and/or societal development of emotional intelligence This essay will concentrate on Daniel Goleman’s theory of emotional intelligence and the theories that have been posited sing its possible societal development. Bar-On ( 2006 ) developed a step of emotional intelligence, utilizing the construct of emotion quotient ( see Bar-On, 2007 ) , demoing that this measure can be learnt, and that it is of import that the measure is improved in persons who have a low quotient, because persons who possess higher quotients are by and large more successful in their chosen Fieldss, and in their lives in general, than persons who have lower quotients ( see Bar-On, 2006 ) . Indeed, Bar-On ( 2006 ) suggests that an individual’s emotional quotient contributes to their overall intelligence, and that this so offers a good index of how successful an person is likely to be throughout their life, with a positive relationship between an individual’s emotional quotient and their quality of life, for illustration ( see bar-On, 2006 ) . In this mode, the work of Bar-On ( 2006 ) suggests non merely that emotional intelligence is a really existent quality, which can be developed, through preparation and societal development, but that one’s emotional quotient has a major impact on the ways in which one will populate, in footings of the conditions one finds oneself in, as a consequence of one’s emotional intelligence and the successes/failures this has determined as a consequence of voyaging inter-personal relationships, for illustration. This suggests that the reverberations of a low emotional quotient are far-reaching, and, possibly, inter-generational, in footings of the effects of holding a low emotional quotient and where this places an person within society as a whole. Many research workers have suggested, for illustration, that societal position is related to low emotional quotient ( see Bar-On, 2006 ) . This suggested societal nexus to emotional intelligence is extremely evocative of the statements used by eugenicists when reasoning for a familial footing for intelligence ( see, for illustration, Fancher, 1985 ; Grace, 2006 ; see besides Detterman, 1997 ) . Surveies are on a regular basis published proposing some signifier of familial footing for ‘intelligence’ ( see, for illustration, Thompsonet al. ,2001 ) , but these surveies do non lend to any apprehension of how emotional intelligence should best be defined, nor, on this footing, how emotional intelligence could be inherited. The suggestions from the work of Bar-On ( 2006 ) are, nevertheless, that a ) emotional intelligence can be learnt, and B ) that a low emotional intelligence has a important negative impact on the quality of life of an person. This suggests, hence, that the effects of low emotional intelligence are grave, for that person but besides for their progeny, taking to a suggestion that there is some familial facet to emotional intelligence, in that one’s environment could be responsible for one’s degree of emotional intelligence and that this, in bend, is responsible, in big portion, for the accomplishments of persons, through the cross-gene rational reverberations of low emotional intelligence. The fact, nevertheless, that many research workers label ‘emotional intelligence’ as a accomplishment that can be learned ( see, for illustration, Locke, 2005 ) gives cause for hope that these environmental effects on the heritage of hapless emotional intelligence can be reversed. The causes of an familial deficiency of emotional intelligence, through the deficiency of proviso of an environment that nurtures the societal development of emotional intelligence, for illustration, can be addressed in many ways. Appropriate educational programmes, that respond to lacks in emotional intelligence, can be built in to school systems, giving kids the chance to develop their emotional intelligence, giving them the chance to win in life, in the same manner as any other extremely emotionally intelligent person. In this manner, so, emotional intelligence can be seen as one other facet of intelligence that needs to be nurtured, through instruction, with the cross-generational negative effects of low emotional intelligence being overcome through preparation. As Sternberg and Grigorenko ( 1998 ) remark, cultural and societal facets of intelligence, such as those described by Goleman ( 1995 ) and furthered by Bar-On ( 2006 ) are, nevertheless, missing in preciseness, such that it is hard to see how – or what – is being described, and, as such, it can be hard to see how a construct such as emotional intelligence could be inherited, or at least developed. Social theory has yet, on the whole, to accept Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences ( see Gardner, 1993 ) and there are many critics of Goleman’s ( 1995 ) theory of emotional intelligence and, as such, possible mechanisms for its heritage are, at best, tacit. This essay has introduced some of the possible theories sing the heritage and/or societal development of emotional intelligence, demoing how one facet of intelligence ( emotional intelligence ) seems to be a learnable trait. The essay has shown that there are clear cross-generational ( i.e. , heritable ) effects of low emotional intelligence that can be addressed through appropriate preparation programmes. Mentions Bar-On, R. , 2006. The Bar-On theoretical account of emotional-social intelligence.Psicothema18, pp.13-25. Bar-On, R. ( 1997 ) .Bar-On Emotional Quotient Inventory: User s manual. Toronto: Multi-Health Systems. Detterman, D. ( 1997 ) . ‘Intelligence and societal policy: a particular issue of the multidisciplinary diaryIntelligence’ . Intelligence24 ( 1 ) . Fancher, R.E. ( 1985 ) .The intelligence work forces: shapers of the IQ contention.WW. Norton A ; Co. Gardner, H. , 1993.Frames of head: the theory of multiple intelligences.Basic Books. Grace, G. ( 2006 ) . ‘Review ofIntelligence, fate and instruction: the ideological roots of intelligence testing’ . British Journal of Educational Surveies54 ( 4 ) , pp.483-505. Locke, E.A. , 2005. Why emotional intelligence is an invalid construct.Journal of Organizational Behavior, 26, pp. 425-431. Sternberg, R.J. , 1985.Beyond IQ: A triarchic theory of human intelligence. New York: Cambridge University Press. Sternberg, R.J. , 1996.Successful intelligence. New York: Simon A ; Schuster. Sternberg, R.J. and Grigorenko, E. , 1998.Intelligence, heredity and environment.Cambridge University Press. Thompson, Al.( 2001 ) . ‘Genetic influences on encephalon structure’ .Nature Neuroscience4 ( 12 ) . Available from [ Accessed 29th May 2008 ] .

Saturday, February 22, 2020

My School Writing Center Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

My School Writing Center - Essay Example The slogan I chose for my poster is â€Å"Write with us.† All of the writing center assistants are highly skilled and professional individuals whose writing talents cannot be questioned. They are some of the best in the business and we are lucky to have them on our side, rooting for us to succeed in writing the perfect academic paper. â€Å"Write with us† is actually a word of encouragement that one of the writing assistants told me when I was feeling down and hard on myself about my meager English writing skills. I did my best to â€Å"Write with them† and came out a much better, more confident, and well rounded international student in the process. I chose the blue, red, and yellow colors for the bird because those are relaxing colors that I hope will encourage the other Chinese international students to come forward and seek the help that they need from the writing center. I know that the bird looks like a chicken and I specifically intended for the bird to lo ok that way because of the American term "chicken feed" which means, it's easy. That is what I want the other students to come to realize, writing the academic papers will be as easy as chicken feed once they write with the help of the academic writing center. Choosing to place the posters in the restrooms, cafeteria, and other high traffic places in the university was not a hard choice to make. I wanted to get my poster the highest visibility possible so any place where there is a conglomeration of students for more than 5 minutes is bound to attract attention to it.... The first thing that I noticed upon reaching the academic writing center was that I was not the only international student who was having problems when it came to writing my academic papers. European, Asian, Middle Eastern, and other countries were also there, seeking the professional help of the writing assistants. It was like being at the United Nations. That was where I met other Chinese students who had already been using the Writing Center for quite sometime already. That meeting helped me realize that I was not alone and I was not stupid. I had found a home where I could get the academic help that I needed while also connecting with other exchange students who were more than happy to help me out with my written and spoken grammar problems. As Chinese students living in China, we never had to worry about how well we spoke in English or whether we could write academically acceptable English papers. We were in China after all and we only needed to know how to speak in the Chinese language of our region. We did not need to know the difference between batter and butter. It was not necessary to dot every I and cross every T in our papers. We got by. But studying in America is a totally different ballgame and we have to play by the American academic rules of writing and spoken grammar. We all need the kind of help that the university writing center offers to its international student community. All we have to do is take the help being offered. Chinese international students no longer need to be afraid of getting low grades in their essays. There is no need to suffer the sense of hopelessness and feeling of isolation and stupidity because we cannot